February 21, 2024
Microscopic view of the micro organism that causes tuberculosis — generally referred to as TB. Courtesy of the Nationwide Institute of Allergy and Infectious Ailments (NIAID).

San Diego County public well being officers mentioned Thursday that they’re working with Sweetwater Excessive Faculty to inform college students and employees who could have been uncovered to tuberculosis.

The potential for publicity on campus stretched from July 19 to Dec. 15, 2023.

The Sweetwater Union Faculty District and the county’s Tuberculosis Program have notified individuals at highest danger of an infection, in keeping with a information launch. Free TB screening is being organized for college students who’re at elevated danger.

Signs of energetic TB embrace persistent cough, fever, night time sweats and unexplained weight reduction. However the county warned that most individuals who turn out to be contaminated after publicity to tuberculosis don’t get sick immediately.

“That is referred to as latent TB an infection,” Dr. Wilma Wooten, the county’s public well being officer, mentioned. “Some who turn out to be contaminated with TB will turn out to be ailing sooner or later, generally even years later, if their latent TB an infection shouldn’t be handled. Blood exams and pores and skin exams are efficient to find out whether or not somebody has been contaminated.”

Annual circumstances have been on the rise, in keeping with the county’s Well being and Human Providers Company. In 2022, 208 individuals had been reported with energetic TB illness within the county, up from 201 individuals in 2021 and 192 in 2020.

An estimated 175,000 individuals in San Diego County have a latent TB an infection and are in danger for growing energetic TB with out preventive remedy, well being officers mentioned. Individuals who take a look at constructive for TB, however who don’t have signs, ought to get a chest X-ray and discuss to a medical supplier, as they most definitely have a latent TB an infection.

Tuberculosis is an airborne illness that’s transmitted from person-to-person by inhalation of the micro organism from the air. The possibility of an infection is increased for individuals with extended indoor publicity to an individual who’s sick. Transient interactions with an individual with contagious tuberculosis are much less prone to result in an an infection than extended or repeated exposures, in keeping with county officers.

Efficient remedies can be found to remedy people who find themselves sick from energetic TB. Taking medicines for latent TB an infection can remedy the an infection and stop illness.

People who would really like extra data on this potential publicity ought to name the county TB Management Program at 619-692-5565.

– Metropolis Information Service